Having your country house, cottage or plot, many think about the arrangement of the pool. In hot summer weather, everyone wants to swim in the cool, clean water, and it is not necessary to go to the sea or lake.
The pool with their own hands – a building that is not difficult to organize, as many believe, and it will not take much time and money.
Country pool: a detailed description of the types of structures
Artificial ponds allow you to fully enjoy the coolness on hot days. In addition, the pool area is a place of rest not only for adult family members, but also a place for water treatments and games for the younger generation. Outside the season, the pool can be used as a storage tank for watering plants on site.
There are the following types of structures of the reservoir:
A stationary pool is a type of construction in which a reinforced concrete bowl is used. They are reliable, durable and installed for a long period of time. Their sizes and shapes can be very diverse: medium, large, high, oblong, round, two-level, etc.
To stationary structures can be attributed as subspecies, frame and frameless reservoirs.
Frame structures can be purchased ready-made. In appearance, it is a metal structure with a stretched canvas, as a rule, PVC films are used. In addition to the pool are included stairs, water purification system, filter and pumping station. The frame pool is installed only for the summer season, and then the whole structure is disassembled and stored until next summer.
Collapsible pool model is more suitable for suburban areas that are not fenced or guarded. These pools are inexpensive, easy to assemble and disassemble, and take up little storage space. Water is pumped into the pond on their own, but it must be carefully filtered.
Inflatable pool – this is the simplest design of the reservoir and the most unreliable. However, it is inflatable pools are widely popular among consumers. It can be installed anywhere, even carry with you in the car. Independently inflate it will be difficult, but if you use the pump, the process is easier to perform. The disadvantages of inflatable tanks include:
- the weight limit;
- the material can be easily punched or cut;
- when a large amount of water subsides;
- the water is not cleaned and becomes stagnant, it is necessary to periodically change;
- long blown away.
So as not to suffer from the constant Assembly and disassembly of the pool, it can be built independently on your site.
How to make a pool in the country without the hassle
The arrangement of the pool is not an easy task, and it is necessary to prepare carefully.
If the type of design You have already decided, you should think about where to place the future pond, what size it should be and how much material is needed to perform all construction work.
Before you start building a swimming pool, you need to choose the best place on your site where it can be placed.
Experts recommend to choose a place where there is a slope of the soil. At the same time, it is desirable that trees and shrubs do not grow near the pool, because their root system can damage the waterproofing layer. In addition, the fall of the trees will begin to pour leaves, and require regular cleaning of the bowl of debris.
Picking up a place on the site, it is necessary to monitor the direction in which the wind is blowing. Preferably, if the wind flow will pass along the bowl of the tank, then all the leaves and debris will accumulate at the edge of the pool and it will be convenient to clean.
Groundwater plays an equally important role. It is recommended to organize the device of the pool in the place where the groundwater level from the ground surface reaches at least 0.5-1 meter.
At the same time, a special role is played by the type of soil. The best option for the construction of the tank – clay soil. If the waterproofing is damaged or broken, clay is able to stop water leakage.
The size and depth of the future reservoir
The size of the future of the reservoir should be determined on the basis of its purpose.
If you plan to build a pool where you can swim freely, it is better to choose rectangular or oval shapes. You can stop your choice on the round bowl, but it is not particularly have a good swim. The design can be of any shape, even the most atypical, but the main thing – that it was possible to move freely.
The optimal size for the rectangular shape of the pool are: width – 2.5 meters, length – 5-6 meters. At the same time, the width can be increased to 4-5 meters, as well as the length, if it allows the size of Your site.
If the purpose is provided to dive from the side or jump from a high-rise, the minimum depth of the bowl can be 1.5 meters. At the same time, if an additional springboard or tower is built, the depth should be increased, but leave a smooth transition to one and a half meters.
If you plan to build a pool for children, its depth should be 50-70 centimeters.
A multi-level pool or pool with transitions to different depths is more difficult to equip. Installation of such transitions should be carried out carefully, so as not to cause sudden changes.
Building materials and selection of suitable tools
To properly organize the construction of the pool, it is necessary to think in advance about all the materials and prepare the construction tool.
For the arrangement will need:
- concrete mixer;
- joinery tools (hammer, knife, stapler, rules);
- carpentry set (screws, screws, nails, tape measure, wrench, etc.);
- tamping machine;
- sand and cement;
- boards of 25 mm diameter;
- the timber is 50 mm;
- material for waterproofing;
- stapler for reinforcement;
- adhesive base under the tile.
Pool decoration can be made of: tiles, mosaics, polypropylene, PVC film. The film can be picked up in different colors: white, blue, blue, pink, etc.
Choosing polypropylene as a finishing material, you can be calm, because it is resistant to aggressive influences and is highly durable.
If it is decided to equip the pool with tiles or mosaics, then when choosing it is necessary to pay attention to the indicators of water absorption – it should be low. At the same time, the mosaic always looks respectable, expensive and aesthetically pleasing.
How to arrange an inexpensive pool with your own hands
The process of pool equipment consists of several main stages:
- Selection of the type of construction and drafting of the future tank. Selection of the optimal location for accommodation in the suburban area.
- The process of marking on the ground. Earthwork.
- The construction of the formwork and fill under the bowl of the pool.
- Waterproofing and finishing works.
- Additional equipment of the pool: lighting, equipment, cleaning, filtration, etc.
The first thing is to do marking the future of the reservoir on the site and conduct earthworks. To mark the design, you can use small wooden bars and fishing line bright color.
Following the layout, it is necessary to dig a pit under the pool of preferred sizes, while digging half a meter more to equip the formwork.
After excavation, you can proceed to the arrangement of the formwork.
The walls and the bottom of the pit should be compacted – you can use a tamper.
Then lay a layer of sand in 25-30 cm and again compacted surface.
On a surface to lay armature and to tie it with a wire by means of a special hook.
The next step will be the application of a layer of waterproofing. Choose a waterproofing material is not difficult, in addition, the market today is available a lot of options. However, for the pool is better suited roofing material and bituminous mass. Apply a layer of roofing material waterproofing to the entire surface and even the top, and then apply 4 layers of bitumen mass on top.
Next, you need to install the drain system. Water draining from the pool can be arranged in a common sewer on the site. In addition, this is the most basic way of removing the drain. The drain from the pool is connected to the sewer, and the pipes are hidden under a layer of earth and laid under a slope. Then you can start organizing the formwork.
Installation of a timbering can be executed from improvised means and materials, and then to fill in all concrete weight. Fill the walls should be in several layers. Only after hardening of concrete, the formwork is removed. On time it can take from two to 4 weeks, depending on weather conditions.
Laying a layer of waterproofing and finishing work.
A layer of waterproofing is applied to the hardened concrete walls: it can be a film, mastic or any other material. To decorate the corner of the pool, you should use a special tape. This helps to avoid leakage.
Then you can safely start finishing work.
Pool facilities can be made in ceramic tiles, mosaics or PVC film. If the tile or a mosaic keeps within, then after the main work, it is necessary to RUB all seams white or cream grout and to wipe a surface from the grout rests.
Pool equipment and additional equipment. In addition to the pool, if desired and possible, you can bring lights, water purification devices and even heaters.
The final stage of work is the arrangement of the territory in front of the pool and around the circumference.
Pool bowl: ready or homemade
As previously described, the pit and fill the bowl – this is the most time-consuming processes. But today, many manufacturers can be found ready-made bowls for the pool, which only need to be inserted into the ground and fixed.
In addition to the ease of installation, the advantages of such bowls can be attributed to the release of their various shapes, sizes and colors. Thus, if the concrete bowl in the process of operation can crack if you start movement in the soil, ready bowls such a fate is not waiting.
Produce similar designs in plastic and composite. The installation principle they are similar, only differences in characteristics. Plastic must be further insulated along the perimeter of the walls. In plastic construction, the main material is polypropylene. Polypropylene blocks are not afraid of burning out, do not require regular water discharge, and do not be afraid of damage.
Composite structures are made of fiberglass, which is resistant to temperature changes.
Of the many advantages, still minus the finished bowls are – they are too expensive in price.
Therefore, the arrangement of the pool with their own hands – more cost-effective business than buying a finished structure.